Political, Economic, and Environmental Challenges in the Middle East

2013 was a bad year for transatlantic relations with the Middle East. Expectations had been high in Europe and North America that the upheavals in the Arab world which began in late 2010 and early 2011 with the overthrow of leaders in Tunisia, Libya and Egypt would usher in a new political era.

The State of Democracy Assistance

Democracy assistance or “promotion” has been a core form of U.S. and European engagement in the developing world for decades.

Immigration Policy in the Transatlantic World

In the United States, 2013 was supposed to be the year of comprehensive immigration reform, a package which would combine increased border security and worksite enforcement with legalization of unauthorized migrants and increase future flows of legal immigrants and temporary workers.

The German Energiewende: Drying Up or Moving Forward?

The expected change in the German government in late 2013 has marked a turning point in the country’s Energiewende — the plans to phase out nuclear energy by the year 2021 while continuing to reduce energy-related greenhouse gas emissions and to derive at least an 80 percent share of electricity from renewable energies in 2050.